65. Structural determinants of schisandrin B which enhance mitochondrial functional ability and glutathione status as well as heat shock protein expression in rat hearts and H9c2 cells

Ko, Kam1; Chiu, Po2

Using an ex vivo model of isolated–perfused rat hearts and cultured H9c2 cells, the structure–activity relationships of schisandrin B (Sch B), and analogs lacking either the methylendioxy group or cyclooctadiene ring, schisandrin A (Sch A) and dimethyl diphenyl bicarboxylate (DDB), respectively, were investigated. Pretreatment with Sch B, but not with Sch A or DDB, protected against myocardial ischemia–reperfusion (I-R) injury in rats. Although Sch B pretreatment largely prevented H9c2 cells from menadione-induced cytotoxicity, Sch A pretreatment produced only a marginal protection. However, DDB pretreatment did not cause any detectable effect. The myocardial and cellular protection afforded by Sch B pretreatment correlated with increases in mitochondrial ATP generation capacity and/or reduced glutathione level as well as heat shock protein (Hsp)25/70 expression, under both control and oxidative stress conditions. The results indicate that the methylenedioxy group and the cyclooctadiene ring are important structural determinants of Sch B in enhancing mitochondrial functional ability and glutathione status, as well as tissue Hsp25/70 expression, thereby protecting the myocardium against I-R injury.

Keywords: glutathione; heat shock protein; H9c2; menadione; myocardial ischemia–reperfusion; schisandrin B