64. Role of cytochrome P-450 in schisandrin B-induced antioxidant and heat shock responses in mouse liver

Po Yee Chiu, Duncan H.F. Mak, Michel K.T. Poon and Kam Ming Ko,

Department of Biochemistry, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong, China

In order to explore the role of cytochrome P-450 (P-450) in schisandrin B (Sch B)-induced antioxidant and heat shock responses, the effect of 1-aminobenzotriazole (ABT, a broad spectrum inhibitor of P-450) on hepatic mitochondrial glutathione antioxidant status (mtGAS) and heat shock protein (Hsp)25/70 expression was examined in Sch B-treated mice. The non-specific and partial inhibition of cytochrome P-450 (P-450) by ABT pretreatment significantly caused a protraction in the time-course of Sch B-induced enhancement in hepatic mitGAS and Hsp25/70 expression in mice. Using mouse liver microsomes as a source of P-450, Sch B, but not dimethyl diphenyl bicarboxylate (a non-hepatoprotective analog of Sch B), was found to serve as a co-substrate for the P-450-catalyzed NADPH oxidation reaction, with a concomitant production of oxidant species. Taken together, the results suggest that oxidant species generated from P-450-catalyzed reaction with Sch B may trigger the antioxidant and heat shock responses in mouse liver.

Keywords: Schisandrin B; Cytochrome P-450; Mitochondria; Glutathione; Heat shock proteins; Liver