59. Metformin protects against carbon tetrachloride hepatotoxicity in mice.

Poon MK, Chiu PY, Mak DH, Ko KM.

Department of Biochemistry, The Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, Clear Water Bay, China.

In the present study, the hepatoprotective effect of metformin (Met), a dimethylbiguanide anti-hyperglycemic, was examined in a mouse model of liver damage induced by chronic repeated administration of carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) (5 microl/kg, twice a week for 12 weeks). Met, when given orally in drinking water at an estimated daily dose of 25 or 50 mg/kg for 10 weeks starting 2 weeks after CCl(4) challenge, protected against CCl(4) hepatotoxicity. The results indicate that the hepatoprotection afforded by Met treatment at a dose of 25 mg/kg against CCl(4) toxicity may at least in part be mediated by the enhancement of mitochondrial glutathione redox status.