51. Schisandrin B protects against tacrine- and bis(7)-tacrine-induced hepatotoxicity and enhances cognitive function in mice.

Pan SY, Han YF, Carlier PR, Pang YP, Mak DH, Lam BY, Ko KM.

Department of Biochemistry, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, China.

Intragastric administration (100-200 micromol/kg) of tacrine (THA) or bis(7)-THA could cause an acute and dose-dependent increase in plasma alanine aminotransferases activity in mice at 6 h after the drug administration. The increase in plasma enzyme activity was associated with an increase in hepatic malondialdehyde level, an indirect index of oxidative tissue damage. Pretreating mice with schisandrin B (Sch B), an active dibenzocyclooctadiene derivative isolated from the fruit of Schisandra chinensis, at a daily dose of 0.125-0.5 mmol/kg for 3 days protected against the THA/bis(7)-THA induced hepatic oxidative damage in a dose-dependent manner. Sch B treatment (0.025-0.5 mmol/kg/day x 5) also enhanced the passive avoidance-response in mice as assessed by the step-through task experiment. The ensemble of results suggests that Sch B may be useful for reducing the potential hepatotoxicity of THA/bis(7)-THA in anti-Alzheimer's therapy.