31. Effects of Schisandrin B and alpha-tocopherol on lipid peroxidation, in vitro and in vivo.

Mak DH, Ip SP, Li PC, Poon MK, Ko KM.

Department of Biochemistry, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay.

Effects of Schisandrin B (Sch B) and alpha-tocopherol (alpha-TOC) on ferric chloride (Fe3+) induced oxidation of erythrocyte membrane lipids in vitro and carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced lipid peroxidation in vivo were examined. While alpha-TOC could produce prooxidant and antioxidant effect on Fe(3+)-induced lipid peroxidation, Sch B only inhibited the peroxidation reaction. Pretreatment with alpha-TOC (3 mmol/kg/day x 3) did not protect against CCl4-induced lipid peroxidation and hepatocellular damage in mice, whereas Sch B pretreatment (0.3 mmol/3.0 mmol/kg/day x 3) produced a dose-dependent protective effect on the CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity. The ensemble of results suggests that the ability of Sch B to inhibit lipid peroxidation, while in the absence of pro-oxidant activity, may at least in part contribute to its hepatoprotective action.