in tissue glutathione antioxidant system in streptozotocin-induced
Mak DH, Ip SP, Li PC, Poon MK, Ko KM.
Department of Biochemistry, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong.
Changes in tissue glutathione antioxidant system in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats for a period of 15 weeks were examined. Total glutathione level was significantly increased in kidney tissue, but were slightly decreased and increased in liver and heart tissues, respectively. The small changes in total glutathione level in the liver and heart, though not statistically significant, were associated with reciprocal alterations in the activity of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (GCS). While the GCS activity was not changed in kidney tissue, the activity of gamma-glutathione peroxidase was significantly increased in kidney tissue. Insulin treatment could completely or partly normalize almost all of these changes induced by diabetes. However, the decrease in hepatic glutathione S-transferases activity in diabetic rats was not reversed by the insulin treatment. The ensemble of results suggests that the diabetes-induced alterations in tissue glutathione antioxidant system may possibly reflect an inter-organ antioxidant response to a generalized increase in tissue oxidative stress associated with diabetes.