167. Supplementation with the extract of schisandrae fructus pulp, seed, or their combination influences the metabolism of lipids and glucose in mice fed with normal and hypercholesterolemic diet.

Wang XY[1], Yu ZL[2], Pan SY[1], Zhang Y[1], Sun N[1], Zhu PL[1], Jia ZH[1], Zhou SF[3], Ko KM[4]

[1] Department of Pharmacology, School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, China.
[2] School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong SAR, China.
[3] Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences,College of Pharmacy, University of South Florida, Tampa, USA.
[4] Division of Life Science, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, Hong Kong SAR, China.

SCHISANDRAE FRUCTUS (SF), WHICH POSSESSES FIVE TASTES: sweet (fruit skin), sour (pulp), bitter/pungent (seed core), and saltiness (all parts), can produce a wide spectrum of biological activities in the body. Here, we investigated the effects of the ethanolic extract of SF pulp, seed, or their combination (namely, EtSF-P, EtSF-S, or EtSF-P/S, resp.; collectively called EtSF) on the metabolism of lipids and glucose in normal diet- (ND-) and hypercholesterolemic diet- (HCLD-) fed mice. Supplementation with EtSF significantly reduced hepatic triglyceride and cholesterol levels by 18-47% in both ND- and HCLD-fed mice. EtSF supplementation reduced serum triglyceride levels (approximately 29%), whereas EtSF-P and EtSF-S/P elevated serum cholesterol (up to 26 and 44%, resp.) in HCLD-fed mice. Treatment with EtSF decreased hepatic glucose levels (by 9-44%) in both ND- and HCLD-fed mice. Supplementation with EtSF-S or EtSF-S/P (at 1 and 3%) increased biliary or fecal TC contents in HCLD-fed mice. However, supplementation with EtSF-S/P at 9% reduced biliary TC levels in HCLD-fed mice. EtSF-P or EtSF-S/P supplementation reduced serum alanine aminotransferase activity in HCLD-fed mice. The findings suggested that supplementation with EtSF lowered lipid and glucose accumulation in the liver and increased fecal cholesterol contents in mice. Dietary supplementation with EtSF-P or EtSF-S/P attenuated liver damage in HCLD-fed mice.