Leong PK, Chiu PY, Leung HY, Ko KM
Division of Life Science, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong SAR, China.
Sch B (schisandrin B), the most abundant dibenzocyclooctadiene lignan in Fructus schisandrae, can induce glutathione antioxidant and heat shock responses, as well as protect against oxidant-induced injury in various tissues, including the liver in rodents and AML12 (alpha mouse liver 12) hepatocytes. (-)Sch B is the most potent stereoisomer of Sch B in its cytoprotective action on AML12 hepatocytes. To define the role of ROS (reactive oxygen species) arising from CYP (cytochrome P450)-catalysed metabolism of (-)Sch B in triggering glutathione antioxidant and heat shock responses, the effects of a CYP inhibitor [ABT (aminobenzotriazole)] and antioxidants [DMTU (dimethylthiouracil) and TRX (trolox)] on (-)Sch B-induced ROS production and associated increases in cellular GSH level, as well as Hsp25/70 (heat-shock protein 25/70) production, were investigated in AML12 hepatocytes. The results indicated that (-)Sch B causes a dose dependent and sustained increase in ROS production over 6 h in AML12 hepatocytes, which was completely suppressed by pre-/co-treatment with ABT or DTMU/TRX. Incubation with (-)Sch B for 6 h caused optimal and dose-dependent increases in cellular GSH level and Hsp25/70 production at 16 h post-drug exposure in AML12 hepatocytes. These cellular responses were associated with protection against menadione-induced apoptosis. Pre-/co-treatment with ABT or antioxidants completely abrogated the (-)Sch B-induced glutathione antioxidant and heat shock responses, as well as protection against menadione-induced apoptosis. Experimental evidence obtained thus far supports the causal role of ROS arising from the CYP-catalysed metabolism of (-)Sch B in eliciting glutathione antioxidant and heat shock responses in AML12 hepatocytes.