10. Inhibition of transition metal ion-catalysed ascorbate oxidation and lipid peroxidation by allopurinol and oxypurinol.

Ko KM, Godin DV.

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Allopurinol and its metabolite oxypurinol inhibited basal oxidation of ascorbate and exerted comparable concentration-dependent inhibitory effects on the oxidation of ascorbate catalysed by cupric ion, but the stimulation produced by ferric ion was affected minimally. UV spectral analysis suggested the formation of an allopurinol-ascorbate-copper ion complex. The oxidation of erythrocyte membrane lipids by ferric ion and cupric ion-t-butylhydroperoxide was also inhibited by allopurinol and oxypurinol, by the metal chelators EDTA and uric acid, and by the antioxidant butylated hydroxytoluene. The metal chelating actions of allopurinol and oxypurinol may be relevant to their protective actions against ischemia/reperfusion injury.