78. (-)Schisandrin B is more potent than
its enantiomer in enhancing cellular glutathione and
heat shock protein production as well as protecting against oxidant injury in
PO YEE CHIU ; HOI YAN LEUNG ; POON Michel K. T. ; MAK Duncan H. F. ; KAM MING KO ;
Effects of schisandrin B enantiomers ((+)Sch B and (-)Sch B) treatment on cellular reduced glutathione (GSH) level and heat shock protein (Hsp)25/70 production were investigated in H9c2 cardiomyocytes. (+)Sch B and (-)Sch B at 6.25 μM produced a time-dependent and biphasic change in cellular GSH level and Hsp25/70 production, with the stimulatory effect of (-)Sch B being more potent. The GSH- and Hsp-enhancing effects were accompanied by a parallel cytoprotection against xanthine oxidase/xanthine-induced toxicity, with the biphasic time course of (+)Sch B- or (-)Sch B-induced protection being superimposed with that of the increase in GSH level but not Hsp25/70 production. The results indicate that (-)Sch B produces more potent enhancing effects on cellular GSH and Hsp production as well as protection against oxidative injury than (+)Sch B in cardiomyocytes.