Zhang Y, Pan SY, Zhou SF, Wang XY, Sun N, Zhu PL, Chu ZS, Yu ZL, Ko KM
 School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
 College of Pharmacy, University of South Florida, Tampa, USA.
 School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong.
 Division of Life Science, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, Hong Kong.
BACKGROUND: METHODS: RESULTS: CONCLUSION:
Schisandrin B (Sch B), a dibenzocyclooctadiene compound, is isolated from schisandrae fructus (SF). This study was conducted to compare the time- and dose-response between Sch B- and SF oil (SFO)-induced changes in hepatic and serum parameters in mice.
Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice were given a single oral dose of Sch B (0.125-2 g/kg) or SFO (0.3-5 g/kg). Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity, hepatic malondialdehyde, and triglyceride (TG) levels were measured at increasing time intervals within 6-120 hours postdosing.
Serum ALT activity was elevated by 60%, with maximum effect (E(max)) = 45.77 U/L and affinity (K(D)) = 1.25 g/kg at 48-96 hours following Sch B, but not SFO, treatment. Sch B and SFO treatments increased hepatic malondialdehyde level by 70% (E(max) =2.30 nmol/mg protein and K(D) =0.41 g/kg) and 22% (E(max) = 1.42 nmol/mg protein and K D = 2.56 g/kg) at 72 hours postdosing, respectively. Hepatic index was increased by 16%-60% (E max = 11.01, K(D) = 0.68 g/kg) and 8%-32% (E(max) = 9.88, K D = 4.47 g/kg) at 12-120 hours and 24-120 hours after the administration of Sch B and SFO, respectively. Hepatic TG level was increased by 40%-158% and 35%-85%, respectively, at 12-96 hours and 6-48 hours after Sch B and SFO treatment, respectively. The values of E max and K D for Sch B/SFO-induced increase in hepatic TG were estimated to be 22.94/15.02 μmol/g and 0.78/3.03 g/kg, respectively. Both Sch B and SFO increased serum TG (up to 427% and 123%, respectively), with the values of E(max) = 5.50/4.60 mmol/L and K D = 0.43/2.84 g/kg, respectively.
The findings indicated that Sch B/SFO-induced increases in serum/hepatic parameters occurred in a time-dependent manner, with the time of onset being serum TG level < hepatic TG level < hepatic index < serum ALT activity. However, the time of recovery of these parameters to normal values varied as follow: serum TG level < hepatic TG level and liver injury < hepatic index. The E max and affinity of Sch B on tissue/enzyme/receptor were larger than those of SFO.