172. Historical perspective of traditional indigenous medical practices: The current renaissance and conservation of herbal resources.

Zhang Y[1], Pan SY[1], Zhou SF[2], Wang XY[1], Sun N[1], Zhu PL[1], Chu ZS[1], Yu ZL[3], Ko KM[4]

[1] School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
[2] College of Pharmacy, University of South Florida, Tampa, USA.
[3] School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong.
[4] Division of Life Science, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, Hong Kong.

BACKGROUND:
Schisandrin B (Sch B), a dibenzocyclooctadiene compound, is isolated from schisandrae fructus (SF). This study was conducted to compare the time- and dose-response between Sch B- and SF oil (SFO)-induced changes in hepatic and serum parameters in mice.

METHODS:
Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice were given a single oral dose of Sch B (0.125-2 g/kg) or SFO (0.3-5 g/kg). Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity, hepatic malondialdehyde, and triglyceride (TG) levels were measured at increasing time intervals within 6-120 hours postdosing.

RESULTS:
Serum ALT activity was elevated by 60%, with maximum effect (E(max)) = 45.77 U/L and affinity (K(D)) = 1.25 g/kg at 48-96 hours following Sch B, but not SFO, treatment. Sch B and SFO treatments increased hepatic malondialdehyde level by 70% (E(max) =2.30 nmol/mg protein and K(D) =0.41 g/kg) and 22% (E(max) = 1.42 nmol/mg protein and K D = 2.56 g/kg) at 72 hours postdosing, respectively. Hepatic index was increased by 16%-60% (E max = 11.01, K(D) = 0.68 g/kg) and 8%-32% (E(max) = 9.88, K D = 4.47 g/kg) at 12-120 hours and 24-120 hours after the administration of Sch B and SFO, respectively. Hepatic TG level was increased by 40%-158% and 35%-85%, respectively, at 12-96 hours and 6-48 hours after Sch B and SFO treatment, respectively. The values of E max and K D for Sch B/SFO-induced increase in hepatic TG were estimated to be 22.94/15.02 ╬╝mol/g and 0.78/3.03 g/kg, respectively. Both Sch B and SFO increased serum TG (up to 427% and 123%, respectively), with the values of E(max) = 5.50/4.60 mmol/L and K D = 0.43/2.84 g/kg, respectively.

CONCLUSION:
The findings indicated that Sch B/SFO-induced increases in serum/hepatic parameters occurred in a time-dependent manner, with the time of onset being serum TG level < hepatic TG level < hepatic index < serum ALT activity. However, the time of recovery of these parameters to normal values varied as follow: serum TG level < hepatic TG level and liver injury < hepatic index. The E max and affinity of Sch B on tissue/enzyme/receptor were larger than those of SFO.